A Conjunction is a part of speech that connects two words, sentences, phrases or clauses together. There are three basic types of conjunctions: coordination conjunctions, correlative conjunctions, and subordination conjunctions.
Coordinating Conjunctions are words used to connect similar group of words.
• And, for, or, yet, but, nor and so.
E.g. She was tired yet, ready to party
Correlative Conjunctions are used to connect similar words of groups of words. Unlike Correlative Conjunctions, however, they always come in pairs.
• Whether …….. Or
• Either………. Or
• Not Only…….But also
E.g. I lost both my necklace and rings at the party.
Subordinating Conjunctions are used to connect two complete ideas by making one of the ideas independent on other.
• After, although, before, till, unless, as if, as long as, than, and whenever.
E.g. As soon as my I saw my sister. I ran and gave her a hug.
Example Sentences of Conjunctions
As a conjunction since means ‘from and after the time when’.
We have never seen her since we left College.
A lot of things have occurred since she died.
I have been living here since I was a girl.
It has been raining since we reached the station.
Remember that while we use since as a conjunction indicating time it should be headed by a verb in the present perfect, and pursued by a verb in the past tense.
Since can also denote ‘seeing that’, ‘as’, ‘in as much as’ and related thoughts.
Since you ask, I will say yes. (= As you ask, I will say yes.)
Since it is raining, I can’t go away. (= As it is raining, I can’t go away.)
The conjunction “or” is used to establish a substitute.
You can have soft drink or cold drink.
She can stay or she can leave.
They may like this or that.
Or can indicate otherwise.
You must learn hard or you will not pass.
In a number of cases “or” can be utilized as a corresponding to “and”.
They were not wanting in power or daring, but they were badly provoked. (= They were not wanting in power and daring but they were badly provoked.)
If can specify ‘on the condition that’.
If she arrives they will meet her.
If you ask, they will assist.
If he heat water, it boils.
If can also indicate ‘admitting that’.
If I am dull, I am at least sincere. (Admitting that I am dull, I am at least sincere.)
If can represent ‘whether’.
I asked him if he would come.
I don’t know if he is involved in the case.
If is also used to state “desire” or “surprise”.
If only I knew!
As a conjunction that is used to state a reason or cause.
She was irritated that she was opposed. (= She was irritated because she was opposed.)
He was upset that he didn’t inform to her. (= He was upset because he didn’t inform to her.)
That can convey a reason / purpose.
We consume that we may survive.
We spread that we may gather.
That is also used to state result, consequence or effect.
I like wearing red that has never been disputed.
Olivia is so happy that its summer again.
It was so late that I didn’t go out.
Than is used as a conjunction with proportional adjectives and adverbs.
He is taller than his wife.
Wisdom is better than riches.
He is better swimmer than her.
They like you more than her.
While means ‘throughout the time that which’.
While they were working I was playing.
The phone rang while I was watching TV.
I met him while we were studying in the library.
While can also mean ‘whereas’.
While I was riding on the train, someone stole my bag.
While she is hard working, her sister is quite lazy.