Saturday, May 7, 2011

Teaching English as a Foreing Language (TEFL)

Prepare lesson plans to teach English as a second language needs of your students. There are several effective ways to do so, including a standard TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) structure, and focus on tests taken in the goals and practical approaches.

Structure of TEFL

You can use the method to create TEFL lesson plans for all occasions, including work books, test preparation and more abstract creative leisure. TEFL preparation lesson plan includes a multitude of factors, which may be useful if they are registered to while you create a lesson plan. They include: Purpose, which is a statement explaining why you have chosen a specific plan, Purpose, explains that the goal you want to achieve; elements of language such as "grammar" of lexical items such as new words vocabulary, phonology, which describes how you will focus on pronunciation; materials, such as flash cards or a game, and the procedure that will map out how you incorporate the above elements and objectives in your plan .

In general, you should focus for your students to learn one or two specific objectives in each lesson plan. For example, you could learn the second conditional tense, and latest vocabulary words, a sample sentence writing on the card, such as, "If I were a pop star, I ___________." This sentence teaches students how to use the second condition, and the meaning of "pop star".
Test Preparation

Most important objective of students in an English course is often the preparation for exams, or for a visa or other educational activities. In this case, it is essential to be familiar with the actual tests which are preparing your students, and what section or sections of this test, you focus on your lesson plan. English tests are usually reading, writing, listening and speaking sections. The most common standardized international English tests are IELTS (International English Language Testing System), Cambridge, TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) and TOEIC (Test of English for International Communication). When preparing a lesson plan for these tests, it is best to find a sample test you can do online, and look over to get a good idea of exactly what your students are going to the meeting. Richard Gresswell recommends that IELTS "Test Preparation" lesson plan to start the conversation among the students to discover what they know or do not know about a specific test. The lesson should then proceed to more details about the test, such as the duration of each unit and the time allotted to complete. Subsequently, the lesson should focus on a particular aspect of the event, such as reading or listening, and finish with an activity in class time using this aspect of the test.


Often, especially in the more advanced English courses, you'll have a group of students who do not follow exercises book, wants more familiar phrases having to do with the country where you are, or simply need a break from the rigid structures inside the classroom. Some ideas of how to integrate the originality in your classroom include: printing the transcript of a television program, read it over with your students and watch it in class, acting on a book or play, play a game, or just go to the park.

Writing Exercises for Advanced ESL Students

Advanced ESL students may be exposed to a wide variety of real-world reading materials in English. This gives them access to more topics to write about. In addition, students are prepared to present practice and to justify their opinions about what they read. They are also able to describe the evidence and facts to support their ideas in writing. These skills are important in a wide range of activities, including essay writing and academic writing letters of complaint or opinion to companies or politicians.

IELTS Writing

The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is an English test that is standard around the world to perfectly determine the capabilities of test takers' English language. You can download a range of exercises and writing materials planned to help students practice the test. However, the skills tested include organizing logic testing, evaluation and description of graphs, and give and justify opinions. Two writing tasks are tested in academic writing and general sections of IELTS. Choose a theme most relevant to the needs of your students to help them learn to organize their thoughts and communicate effectively in English.

Breaking News English

Download one of thousands of new topics and related activities on the ESL site Breaking News Section. The topics are arranged by month. Read the topic title to find the one you think your students would enjoy. These resources are freely available. At the end of each packet of activity, with a section of writing exercises offer students many ways to practice their writing. They can write a magazine article, write a letter to a politician or a number of other creative writing exercises related to the topic of news.
Persuasive Essays

After reading about how to write a persuasive essay on the ESL website Bee, ask your students to write their own five-paragraph persuasive essay on a topic of their choice. Ask students to put their first-class projects, work in pairs to correct each other documents, focusing first on the organization and flow, then the sentence structure and word choice. Students then revise their essays and rewrite their papers.

Stories Magazine Group

Put your students into small groups. Give each group a folder with a collection of magazine pictures inside. Students then take a few pictures they like and want to write a story. Each student contributes to the story with his own ideas. Students write the story, revise it and present it to the class when they are done.