This is small introduction of English or you can say an Introduction of English Essay. English is a West Germanic language that originated from the Anglo-Frisian and Lower Saxon dialects brought to Britain by Germanic settlers and Roman auxiliary troops from various parts of what is now northwest Germany and the northern Netherlands in the 5th century. One of these Germanic tribes were the Angles,who may have come from Angeln, and Bede wrote that their whole nation came to Britain,leaving their former land empty. The names ’England’(or ’Aenglaland’) and English are derived from the name of this tribe.
The Anglo Saxons began invading around 449 AD from the regions of Denmark and Jutland,Before the Anglo-Saxons arrived in England the native population spoke Brythonic, a Celtic language.Although the most significant changes in dialect occurred after the Norman invasion of 1066, the language retained its name and the Pre-Norman invasion dialect is now known as Old English.Initially, Old English was a diverse group of dialects, reflecting the varied origins of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms of Great Britain.One of these dialects, Late West Saxon, eventually came to Dominate. The Original Old English language was then influenced by two waves of invasion. The first was by language speakers of the Scandinavian branch of the Germanic family; they conquered and colonized part of the British Isles in the 8th and 9th centuries. The second was the Normans in the 11th century, who spoke Old Norman and Developed an English variety of this called Anglo-Norman. (Over the centuries, this lost the specifically Norman element under the influence of Parisian French and, later, of English, eventually turning into a distinctive dialect of Anglo-French.). These two invasions caused English to become "mixed" to some degree (though it was never a truly mixed language in the strict linguistic sense of the word mixed languages arise from the cohabitation of speakers of different languages, who develop a hybrid tongue for basic communication).Cohabitation with the Scandinavians resulted in a significant grammatical simplification and lexical supplementation of the Anglo-Frisian core of English; the later Norman occupationled to the grafting onto that Germanic core of a more elaborate layer of words from the Italic branch of the European languages. This Norman influence entered English largely through the courts and government. Thus, English Developed into a "borrowing" language of great flexibility and with a huge vocabulary. The emergence and spread of the British Empire as well as the emergence of the United States as a Superpower helped to spreed English Language around the world.